This section describes how the configuration of cross-domain Active Directory (AD) trusts supports NFSv4.1 with Kerberos.
Trusts are relationships between different AD domains. For more information, see Trust Technologies in the Microsoft documentation.
NFSv4.1 with Kerberos and the general AD configuration in Qumulo Core support the same forms of trust relationships.
- Child or parent trusts can:
- Authenticate as a user from the child domain against the parent domain’s AD domain controller (DC).
- Authenticate as a user from the parent domain against the child domain’s AD DC.
- Transitive trusts can authenticate as a user from any of the domains in the transitive trust, against any of the other trusted domains’ AD DC.
Configuring the Base DN
For identity mapping to work, you must configure LDAP Base DNs correctly on your Qumulo cluster and on your client. This helps avoid
66534 identity responses that occur when you inspect files that contain trusted users (stored as identities) from other domains. For more information about configuring the Base DN, see Using Active Directory for POSIX Attributes on Qumulo Care.
The following example has trust between between
child.example.com. In order for both domains’ identities to authenticate against a Qumulo cluster, you must configure the cluster and your client with the following Base DN.
AD doesn’t prevent duplicate UID or GID numbers from being added to RFC 2307 values. Such improper configuration can cause UID and GID collisions across trusted domains. On Linux, if any collisions occur, the system chooses the first UID or GID that it finds.
Enabling More Secure Trust Encryption Types
While Linux systems disallow deprecated encryption types for Kerberos, Windows prefers RC4 for cross-domain traffic (which Linux systems consider to be deprecated).
For certain trust configurations, you must enable a more secure encryption type for trusted traffic. To enable AES-128 (or SHA1) and AES-256 (or SHA1) for a particular trust, use the
ksetup command in a Windows Administrator console. For example:
$ ksetup /getenctypeattr <domain>
$ ksetup /setenctypeattr <domain> RC4-HMAC-MD5 AES128-CTS-HMAC-SHA1-96 AES256-CTS-HMAC-SHA1-96
This example doesn’t disable RC4. Instead, it enables new encryption types in addition to RC4. When working with Windows systems, we recommend making additive changes whenever possible. We also recommend staging changes in a safe environment before applying them to a production environment.